If you would like to respond this consultation by 25 March, here are some suggestions:

Official Guidance on responding can be found here:

The documents for the stretch from Aldeburgh to Hopton on Sea can be found here We are interested in the sections from Aldeburgh to Sizewell and Sizewell to Dunwich. The form to be completed is the second from bottom “Form to make a representation about proposals” (We don’t recommend objecting, and anyway only landowners and occupiers may do so.) Or you can download the form as a pdf below.

Box 1. The reference for the section Aldeburgh to Sizewell is AHS1. The reference for the section Sizewell to Dunwich is AHS2. If your comments include both the windfarm projects and Sizewell C, use both references.

Box 2 – leave blank

Box 3. Tick Other (unless of course you are responding on behalf of one of the agencies listed)

Box 4 – leave blank

Box 5 is for your comments. We suggest something short along the lines of the text below, but we strongly encourage you personalise this, or change it to say whatever you want: “I support the idea of a coastal path around the UK, but am distressed at the environmental damage and disruption to the Suffolk Heritage coast and the Suffolk Coast & Heaths AONB that will be caused by the proposed construction of twin reactors at Sizewell. This project will completely block this section of coastline for at least a decade. I am astonished to note that the reports covering the area between Aldeburgh and Sizewell do not appear to make any mention of the numerous (potentially 8 or more) offshore wind projects that are proposed to come ashore around Thorpeness, an area noted for its erosion and fragile coralline crag. If these projects go ahead, the cabling for offshore wind stations and interconnectors will result in the coastline and AONB being dug up repeatedly, ruining the area and your schemes for a coastal path. This area has been designated the ‘Energy Coast’ without our consent.”

Box 6 – up to you if there is something you want to include

Box 7 – probably the answer is “no” unless you have already submitted something

Box 8 – likely “no”

Box 9 is for your personal information

Send the completed form to or to England Coast Path Team, Natural England, Suite D, Unex House, Bourges Boulevard, Peterborough PE1 1NG

EDF poised to submit planning application for £20bn nuclear power plant

By Robin Pagnamenta, 15 February 2020 • 8:00pm

EDF is poised to submit a formal planning application to build a new £16bn nuclear power station at Sizewell in Suffolk within weeks.

The French state-controlled electricity giant is putting the final touches to the paperwork required for a so-called Development Consent Order for the new station, Sizewell C, from Britain’s National Infrastructure Commission, the final stage in the planning process.

If approved, the new station, on the coast between Ipswich and Lowestoft, would include two new EPR reactors – making it an identical twin of another plant under construction at Hinkley Point in Somerset. Sizewell C, which is also backed by CGN, a Chinese government-controlled company, would generate 7pc of UK electricity, enough for 6m UK homes.

Sources familiar with the project said EDF hoped to file the application as soon as the end of this month although it could be delayed until March. EDF said: “Work on the DCO application is continuing”.

EDF has been working to address concerns about the suitability of the site, where an existing nuclear plant, Sizewell B, has been generating electricity for 25 years. Its low-lying coastal location has raised concerns about flood risks, especially with forecasts of rising sea levels.

At 79 acres (32 hectares), the Sizewell site is significantly smaller than the 111 acre (45 hectare) site at Hinkley Point, fuelling concerns about congestion during construction as well as the environmental impact.

Sizewell is surrounded by protected marshland and bird habitats including RSPB Minsmere to the north.

The NIC is expected to take about a year to approve or reject the application. However, a government funding package for the plant has not yet been finalised, raising doubts over how quickly it will proceed. The Government is determined to avoid the mistakes made with the funding for Hinkley, where EDF was awarded a guaranteed “strike price” for the electricity generated for 30 years.

The agreement was struck at a time of record electricity prices, prompting criticism that it represents a poor deal for consumers who will subsidise the new plant via a surcharge on their bills. Instead, ministers are examining an alternative framework designed to provide regulated returns to investors.

The so-called Regulated Asset Base model is aimed at cutting the cost of raising private finance for new nuclear plants, which have very high upfront costs, in order to trim consumer bills and maximise value for money.

ITV anglia, 6pm 14 February

Watch from 5 minutes 50:

Alison said “We concur with the RSPB’s concern that Sizewell isn’t an appropriate place to build a nuclear power station, and the environmental impacts could be significant, as well as the impacts on the local tourist economy and on the communities who will have to put up with all the disruption during its delivery.”

Daily Telegraph Letters, 29 January

SIR – Charles Moore is quite right to highlight the risks of China’s involvement in our core infrastructure.

All attention may currently be on Huawei, but meanwhile China General Nuclear, also blacklisted by the United States, is EDF’s partner in building Hinkley Point nuclear power station, is a potential partner in the proposed plant at Sizewell C in Suffolk, and wants to build its own reactor at Bradwell in Essex.

Alison Downes
Theberton, Suffolk

Sizewell Campaigners decry double-standards in UK China security matters

28 January: Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s decision to limit Chinese telecom giant Huawei’s access to UK markets on security grounds exposes glaring contradictions in UK government policy on China’s involvement in Britain’s nuclear power stations.

The decision to ban Huawei from operating at sensitive sites such as nuclear and military facilities [1] is understandable, but an astonishing contradiction given that China General Nuclear, which joined Huawei on the US government’s “entity list” in August 2019, [2] is a partner in EDF’s Hinkley Point C nuclear new build, in the development of proposals at Sizewell C in Suffolk, and wants to build it own “Hualong” reactor at Bradwell in Essex. Theresa May’s hesitation in allowing Hinkley Point to proceed in 2016 was reportedly linked to security concerns about China’s involvement. 

“If the UK government is serious about effectively managing the security risk presented by Chinese state-owned firms playing a critical role in Britain’s sensitive infrastructure, then it should ban China General Nuclear from Hinkley, Sizewell and Bradwell” said Alison Downes of Sizewell campaign group TEAGS.

2. See for example The U.S. Department of Commerce said that CGN and three of its subsidiaries allegedly “engaged in or enabled efforts to acquire advanced U.S. nuclear technology and material for diversion to military uses in China.” Huawei was placed on the same list in May 2019.

Financing HInkley Point

TEAGS is pleased to co-release a report with its author, Professor Stephen Thomas, on financing of Hinkley Point. Read our press release below and view or download the full report here.

Report exposes EDF’s funding crisis and raises profound questions about how – and whether – Hinkley Point will be finished

EDF totally reliant on ‘nuclear tax’ to build Sizewell C

A report released today by Professor Stephen Thomas, [1] an academic specialising in the economics and policy of nuclear power, exposes EDF’s parlous finances and highlights the company’s absolute dependency on a hoped-for ‘nuclear tax’ in order to build Sizewell C. Suffolk campaigners TEAGS, who commissioned the report, said the report starkly showed just how impossible it would be for EDF to pay for Sizewell C, meaning that electricity consumers could be asked to pay billions extra on their bills long before any power is generated, for the privilege of EDF permanently destroying some of the country’s most biodiverse natural heritage.

The report “Financing the Hinkley Point C project” documents how – with more than £15bn in loan guarantees offered by the UK government now definitively known to have been cancelled by EDF, [2] their share of Hinkley’s costs has doubled, from an expected £6.3bn in 2013 to at least £14bn. It also reveals that EDF’s profitability has decreased, its expenses in France – especially Flamanville and work to extend the lives of ageing reactors – have increased, and a ‘fire sale’ of assets only raised half of the company’s €14bn target, circumstances that combine to make the completion of Hinkley Point based on its own resources, rather than borrowing, highly doubtful.

Outlining EDF’s financial challenges in the report’s Executive Summary, Professor Thomas says: “A funding crisis has put the completion of the Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant in doubt and has been brewing for at least five years. However, it is only part of the financial collapse that the majority owner, EDF is facing. Borrowing without guarantees is impossible, so completing Hinkley will need an open-ended commitment of British and French public money. The sensible course is to abandon the plant now before more public money is wasted.” 

Professor Thomas’ findings illustrate just how totally reliant EDF is on the possibility of a new funding scheme to finance Sizewell C. The proposed Regulated Asset Base (RAB) approach, which the nuclear industry is pressuring British Ministers to adopt, would essentially be a ‘nuclear tax’, similar to the discredited PPP (Public Private Partnerships) of the 1990s. “It would be giving EDF a ‘blank cheque’ to proceed with Sizewell C, with the inevitable cost overruns loaded onto taxpayers and electricity customers,” says Alison Downes of TEAGS, who commissioned the report.

Government has yet to reveal the results of the consultation on RAB – a ‘tax’ that 36,000 supporters of consumer campaign group SumOfUs oppose. [3] In December, Sizewell C Project lead at the time, Jim Crawford, admitted to a Suffolk Community Forum thatif the RAB model or something similar is proposed which will fall outside an acceptable price range for the government, then the project probably won’t go ahead. It’s as simple as that.” [4] 

Alison Downes adds: “What this report reveals is the shaky nature of EDF’s finances and its total dependence on the RAB for Sizewell C. Surely this information, coupled with EDF’s appalling record of cost overruns and delays at all its EPR projects, should shatter any illusions that Sizewell C could offer value for money through the timely delivery of the project at an acceptable and predictable cost.  


1. Professor Steve Thomas is Emeritus Professor of Energy Policy at the University of Greenwich’s Public Services International Research Unit;

2. There was some ambiguity in EDF’s previous statements about the loan guarantees. In October 2015 EDF said ‘The project is due to be equity funded by each partner, at least during a first stage.’ (our emphasis) The information that EDF had completely cancelled the guarantee was confirmed in email exchanges between BEIS and TEAGS in December 2019. Conditions attached to the guarantee had included the operation of Flamanville by the end of 2020, a target EDF will miss by some distance. 


4. Contemporaneous notes, 16 December 2019, reported in The Times

Featured image of Hinkley Point construction site by Alex Reed.

Elections 2019

This page features statements by the candidates for Suffolk Coastal Constituency on Sizewell C. They are listed in ballot paper order.

COFFEY Thérèse (Conservative):

Andrea Leadsom understands the concerns I have on how these [energy] projects are being proposed to be implemented, even though she knows I support renewables and zero carbon nuclear energy – which both need to become well established as the major source of energy to tackle climate change.

I have met both Natural England and Environment Agency specifically about Sizewell C. Informed by that discussion, I still think the jury is out on whether the environment questions can be sufficiently answered by EDF prior to their application. I strongly oppose the road-led strategy and strongly support the rail-led strategy. The impact on the local community and environment must be addressed. Extracted at her request from letter to constituents dated 6/11/19, which included onshore infrastructure for offshore power. Read

Contact Suffolk Coastal Conservatives:

Postscript from TEAGS. The Conservative Party’s manifesto on new nuclear says: “We will support gas for hydrogen production and nuclear energy, including fusion, as important parts of the energy system, alongside increasing our commitment to renewables.” TEAGS also notes (relevant for RAB) the following manifesto statement: “For many families, energy costs are a major source of financial pressure. We will keep our existing energy cap and introduce new measures to lower bills.” Read online at

EWART Jules (Liberal Democrats):

In short, we would try and block the development of Sizewell via any means possible. The Lib Dems have said categorically they will never back any future nuclear developments with public money, and we have pledged £10bn towards renewables (including the reintroduction of solar subsidies).

In opposing Sizewell we’d seek alternative opportunities for employment, graduate programs etc. that would suffer if Sizewell C was abandoned. Having said that, it doesn’t look like there are very many. Given our coastline, we should continue to develop wind power and become a centre of excellence for renewables that other places in the country would look to for expertise.

The Lib Dems have made a clear statement to shift the balance of power in planning policy. At the moment the government has far too much power to satisfy its green energy quotas with ill-conceived projects that pay lip service to local consultation.

Away from the headline figures in the Lib Dem manifesto, there is also a clear intent to empower non-governmental organisations to hold energy companies and the government to account. The local council has folded meekly with Sizewell and it frankly beggars belief that an AONB like Friston has to suffer a gigantic substation EIGHT MILES IN LAND because it was more convenient for the energy company! How can an energy company and a government ride roughshod over a community like this??? 

We will give the Environment Agency more powers, restore the Department for Climate change and we will support the introduction of a new Office of Environmental Protection. It isn’t only the Greens who are serious about the environment.

Contact Suffolk Coastal Lib Dems:

Postscript from TEAGS. The Lib Dems’ manifesto does not mention nuclear energy: However, when asked by the BBC their position on the Wylfa B new nuclear project on Ynys Môn (Anglesey), a Welsh Lib Dem spokesperson said there was currently “no economic or environmental case” to build any new nuclear plants in the UK. See

LOVE Tony (Independent Brexit):

We have asked Tony for his position on Sizewell C but not received any reply to date. We will update this page if that changes. Contact Tony Love:

Postscript from TEAGS: Although Tony Love is standing as an independent, he was originally selected as a candidate for the Brexit Party and we understand that he is campaigning on that platform. Please let us know if this is incorrect. The Brexit Party’s “contract” makes no mention of nuclear power. Read online here:

MATTHEWS Cameron (Labour):

Sizewell C and the Friston substation are energy infrastructure projects which divide opinion across Suffolk Coastal. My position has been reached after extensive consultation with local communities, trade unions, and the Labour Party at national and constituency level.

Suffolk Coastal Labour does not support the concept of ‘The Energy Coast’. The branding itself puts at risk the visitor and tourist economy of East Suffolk which depends on The Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It conflicts with established identities such as ‘The Sunshine Coast’ and ‘The Heritage Coast’. The huge industrial projects proposed threaten the local economy and environment without bringing any benefits. Traffic congestion on the A12 and rural roads will discourage visitors and compromise the quality of life of local residents.

Labour remains committed to nuclear power needed for energy security. In Suffolk Coastal, Labour opposes the development of new nuclear capacity at Sizewell. The Sizewell C development cannot be undertaken without unacceptable impacts on the Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It will compromise the future of RSPB Minsmere, and, especially during the construction period, other Sites of Special Scientific Interest and the highly sensitive local environment. It will threaten jobs and prosperity in the visitor and tourist economy, the agricultural sector and food and drink industries. It offers very few new permanent jobs for local people. Current proposals to mitigate the worst effects of the construction project are grossly underfunded and will not relieve the impact of huge numbers of vehicle movements for goods and people on the A12 and surrounding rural roads. There are no proposals to invest adequately in rail alternatives.

Labour is firmly committed to the existing workforce at Sizewell and will work with trade unions to support energy workers through the transition to greener alternative energy jobs and guarantee retraining and a new, unionised job on equivalent terms and conditions.

Suffolk Coastal Labour is shocked by the decision of East Suffolk Council to approve the clearance of Coronation Wood and other enabling works for Sizewell C before a decision has been taken on the future of the project.

Read Cameron’s full statement on the energy projects for east Suffolk at Contact Suffolk Coastal Labour Party:

Postscript from TEAGS. The Labour Party’s manifesto on new nuclear says: “We will build….. New nuclear power needed for energy security” and “The Tories have let down the people of Ynys Môn by failing to deliver the Wylfa project. Labour will work with people on the island to maximise its potential for new nuclear energy, alongside investment in renewables.” Read online at

SMITH-LYTE Rachel (Green):

I find myself asking the question, when did our Heritage Coast become the energy coast?  The Green Party is the only party (apart from the SNP) officially against new nuclear because of safety (think Fukushima / Chernobyl / 3 mile Island etc)

and I’ve just learned, the County Council now has the responsibility for the emergency planning for Sizewell which frankly does not fill me with confidence (nor them I suspect).  We also object because of nuclear waste disposal and storage problems as well as potential links to nuclear weapons.

Personally it makes no sense to me why you would decimate part of our AONB, not to mention the CO2 emissions from the HGV movements to get it built, for a 10-15 year build by which time it will be too late to be of any use in the ‘fight’ against climate breakdown on a crumbling coastline with sea level rise, all to prop up the dilapidated EDF.  Oh yeah, and those high skilled well paid jobs promised? Turns out actually not so many to run a nuclear power station once built and mostly not local either as too specialised.

Contact Suffolk Coastal Green Party:

Postscript from TEAGS. The Greens’ manifesto on new nuclear says: [We would] “prohibit the construction of nuclear power stations. We know that nuclear is a distraction from developing renewable energy, carries an unacceptable risk for the communities living close to nuclear energy facilities, creates unmanageable quantities of radioactive waste and is inextricably linked with the production of world-destroying nuclear weapons.” Read online at

Want to know what the candidates think about the proposals for onshore infrastructure for offshore wind power? Our friends at SASES have created a similar webpage on these issues, see

35,000 tell government: don’t raise our energy bills to subsidise new nuclear plant

Community and consumer campaigners say the “regulated asset base” funding model will expose electricity bill-payers to huge cost and habitual overspends of nuclear developers such as EDF


[LONDON] Today, campaigners from Sizewell, Hinkley Point and Bradwell nuclear sites and  consumer group SumOfUs will visit the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy to deliver a 35,454-signature petition protesting the government’s proposal to subsidise new nuclear power plants by hiking energy bills.

The petition calls on the government to scrap plans to subsidise the nuclear industry through a “regulated asset base” (RAB) funding model, under which consumers would be forced to pay a surcharge on their energy bills for new nuclear power projects such as Sizewell C in Suffolk and Bradwell B in Essex.

“Government Ministers need to think again about the u-turn that is this “Ridiculous Atomic Bailout” said Alison Downes of Theberton & Eastbridge Action Group on Sizewell. “Hinkley Point has proven that this generation of new nuclear is a non-starter commercially, but making us, the consumer, pay through our electricity bills to build something so expensive, outdated, slow and politically unpopular is unacceptable, especially in such environmentally sensitive locations as Sizewell and Bradwell.” 

Of the 35,454 people who have signed the SumOfUs petition, 2,932 are EDF customers and 14,689 are customers who have chosen a renewable electricity tariff. Over 4,000 people have also contacted BEIS directly to raise their objections to the RAB funding model through a SumOfUs action page.

“It is preposterous that consumers should be forced to subsidise private corporations,” said Sondhya Gupta, campaigns manager at SumOfUs. “Nuclear energy is a technology fraught with difficulties and there are better, cheaper and more sustainable options out there to help guarantee our energy security. It’s time the government listened to what bill payers want.”

Originally intended to be part of an Energy White Paper, BEIS quietly pushed its consultation on the controversial RAB model out in mid July. The scheme has attracted significant criticism, especially in the light of EDF’s announced £3 billion overspend at Hinkley Point, to which the BBC’s Simon Jack respondedMaking a forty-year bet on another nuclear station with a funding model that exposes consumers to those overruns, is a big call for any government to make.” The consultation closes on 14 October.

“Hinkley Point C will cost consumers somewhere between £27bn and £50bn over 35 years. Rather than admit that nuclear power is far too expensive, especially after cost estimates for the new station have leaped by £3bn to £23bn, the Government has come up with a new way to fleece consumers which shifts the risk for future reactors onto hard pressed bill payers. Time for them to drop this ridiculous plan now.” said Sue Aubrey of Stop Hinkley.

“The fact is that without this model, EDF cannot pay for Sizewell”  said Chris Wilson of Together Against Sizewell C. “The Moorside and Wylfa fiascos show us that without massive subsidies, nuclear projects will crash and burn. Instead of tying us to expensive white elephants, Government should instead be looking for ways to accelerate the growth of renewable energy, which is cheaper and quicker to deliver, and transforming energy distribution to a more flexible grid which removes the need for “baseload” energy.“

“In addition to opposing new nuclear build altogether BANNG vigorously objects to the RAB approach. This effectively gives an unquantified scale of financial support to overseas states (in respect of EDF and CGN) governed by a new, zero track record regulator with a vested interest in maintaining their own livelihoods” said Peter Banks of BANNG.

The community groups taking part in the petition delivery are Theberton & Eastbridge Action Group on Sizewell, Together Against Sizewell C, Blackwater Against New Nuclear (BANNG, Bradwell), Stop Hinkley, the B1122 Action Group (Sizewell) and Minsmere Levels Stakeholder Group.


Notes to editors:

  1. View photos from the petition delivery here:
  2. View the SumOfUs petition:
  3. View a briefing on the regulated asset base funding model produced by Theberton & Eastbridge Action Group on Sizewell:  


For comment and more details, please contact: Sondhya Gupta – 07811186937, sondhya, Alison Downes – 07711 843884,

Campaigners slam ‘fiction’ of EDF’s job and economic promises


Local campaign groups have reacted with concern to the research released today by the Suffolk Coast Destination Management Organisation (DMO), [1] which undermines EDF’s claim that Sizewell C will bring significant numbers of jobs and economic benefit to the area. 

“This new research concludes that losses to the vital local tourism sector could amount to £40 million a year and could cost 400 jobs. It drives a bulldozer through the promised economic benefits claimed for Sizewell C,” said Alison Downes, co-chair of the Theberton & Eastbridge Action Group on Sizewell (TEAGS). 

EDF’s target is for 2000 ‘home-based’ workers, but defines ‘home-based’ as up to 90 minutes’ drive away, plus 500 workers on associated developments. EDF acknowledges this is an ambitious target but claims it is realistic. A further 3,600 workers – and potentially thousands more given that EDF is modelling a possible workforce of up to 7,900 – will be from more than 90 minutes’ drive away, and have to be accommodated in the local area.

“For the full impact on business and employment, you have got to consider all the negatives of Sizewell C too,” states Charles Macdowell of the B1122 Action Group, which covers several villages near the site. “Suffolk Coastal has the lowest unemployment in the East of England, with only 445 registered jobseekers at the last count in 2015. [2]. Hotels, restaurants and shops will have to compete hard for scarcer workers. Farming and public services like health and social care are also likely to be affected.”

As well as having to recruit and train new employees to replace those lost to EDF, tourism and other local businesses will be badly hit by the decade-long traffic congestion associated with the construction project, further hurting their competitiveness.

The Suffolk Coast and Heaths AONB has a tourism value of at least £200 million pounds a year. [3] EDF claims it will pump £100 million into the ‘local’ economy but campaigners are sceptical about how much of this will be felt in the immediate area, especially when offset against tourism and other losses. A 2017 Oxford Economics report on the economic impact of Sellafield found that where there is a low level of specialist skills locally, direct labour costs and supply chain ‘spend’ inevitably flows out of the local economy. [4] 

“Many people, including some in local government, think that Sizewell C’s jobs make it worthwhile despite its devastating effect on the environment, traffic and Suffolk’s famed peace and tranquility. We consider this a fiction. With the vast majority of workers on Sizewell C coming from outside the area, and the losses to our valued tourism industry, we are deeply concerned that the economic impact of Sizewell C in the immediate vicinity will be negative.” said Alison.